Standards of Good Practice for Education Abroad, 6th Edition
3. Terms and Definitions
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process of measuring effectiveness, usually through the articulation of goals (3.17) and performance measures, the development of associated measures, and the identification of observable outcomes (3.29, 3.30)
Note 1 to entry: Assessment is usually used to inform whether the initial goals were achieved.
Note 1 to entry: Co-curricular activities are typically non-academic in nature but relate other activities and experiences to the established curriculum or pedagogy.
Note 1 to entry: In this document, course does not refer to a full degree program.
3.7. credit transfer
process by which credit (3.6) earned during education abroad (3.11) is transferred, approved, accepted, or otherwise validated by the institution (3.24) from which a student is seeking a degree
3.8. critical incident
any actual or alleged event or situation that creates a significant risk of substantial or serious harm to the physical or mental health, safety, or well-being of a participant (3.31) that requires a response by program personnel (3.34) or first responders, or an event that prevents a participant (3.31) from successful participation in the program (3.40)
Note 1 to entry: This definition is adapted from the North Dakota Department of Human Services Medical Services Division. 
Note 2 to entry: Critical incidents under this definition should not be confused with critical incidents in education, which refer more generally to experiences which cause stress and can serve as “teaching moments.”
individual differences (e.g., personality, learning styles, and life experiences) and group/social differences (e.g., race/ethnicity, class, gender, sexual orientation, country of origin, and ability, as well as cultural, political, religious, or other affiliations)
Note 1 to entry: This definition is by the Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U). 
3.11. education abroad
education, including, but not limited to, enrollment in courses, experiential learning, internships, service learning, and other learning activities, which occurs outside the participant’s home country, the country in which they are enrolled as a student, or the country in which they are employed as personnel (3.34)
Note 1 to entry: Education abroad does not, in itself, result in a degree.
Note 1 to entry: Adapted from the Association of American Colleges & Universities (AAC&U). 
Note 1 to entry: As defined by the Oxford Dictionaries. 
Note 1 to entry: Faculty members may include all types of professors and instructors, regardless of tenure or type of contract.
Note 1 to entry: Achieving a goal will involve the development of a clear implementation plan of intermediary steps, each designed to build on elements of that goal.
Note 1 to entry: As defined by Oxford Dictionaries. 
3.20. historically underserved
populations of students who have not been recruited to participate in study or education abroad, including, but not limited to, LGBTQ+ students, students of color, undocumented students, non-traditionally aged students, and first generation students
Note 1 to entry: As defined by the Cambridge Dictionary. 
active, intentional, and ongoing engagement with diversity (3.10) —in the curriculum, in the co-curriculum, and in communities (intellectual, social, cultural, geographical) with which individuals might connect—in ways that increase awareness, content knowledge, cognitive sophistication, and empathic understanding of the complex ways individuals interact within systems and institutions
Note 1 to entry: As defined by the Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U). 
Note 1 to entry: See also: inclusion (3.22).
Note 1 to entry: Such institutions are often accredited or sanctioned by the relevant national, regional, or discipline-specific education authorities or equivalent authorities. Educational institutions may also be operated by private organizations, including, but not limited to, religious bodies, special interest groups, or private educational and training enterprises, both for-profit and non-profit.
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics. 
Note 3 to entry: An institution may be referred to as an organization (3.28), but not all organizations are institutions.
Note 1 to entry: Objectives can be thought of as steps that are taken to achieve a broader goal (3.17).
Note 1 to entry: An institution may be referred to as an organization, but not all organizations are institutions.
Note 2 to entry: A smaller part of an institution or organization, including an education abroad office or a global programs division, may be referred to as an organization.
Note 1 to entry: Program outcomes are often used to include operational outcomes, which represent elements of the program’s functioning (e.g., cost per student).
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from the Council for the Advancement of Standards, Glossary of Terms. 
3.30. outcome, student learning
statement which describes significant and measurable change occurring in students as a direct result of their interaction with an organization (3.28) and its programs (3.40) and services
- program leader
- on-site administrator
- home institution
- host institution
- independent provider
- travel or logistics provider
- government agency
- scholarship organization
Note 1 to entry: Education abroad is by its very nature collaborative. Partner relationships are not always formal partnerships but working relationships with entities that may include, but are not limited to, travel agents or local transportation providers.
Note 1 to entry: Partnerships may also be formal or informal agreements with vendors for provision of goods or services involved in the management or logistics of education abroad (3.11) programs (3.40).
- full-time and/or part-time faculty (3.16)
- hourly employees
- paraprofessionals (e.g., student employees, interns, graduate assistants, and volunteers)
- reimbursement for early withdrawal
- student conduct
educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education, including, but not limited to, a high school, secondary school, university-preparatory school, gymnasium, home schooling at the secondary level, or General Education Development (GED)
Note 1 to entry: Also known as higher or tertiary education, postsecondary education is in the US taken to include undergraduate and postgraduate education. Colleges, universities, institutes of technology, and polytechnics are the main institutions that provide postsecondary education.
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from USLegal. 
- emergency evacuation
- response to sexual misconduct
Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO Terms Definitions. 
Note 1 to entry: Adapted from ISO Terms Definitions. 
- regular offering of a faculty-led or instructor-led experience
- ongoing direct exchange opportunity
- regular offering of a host institution abroad
- internship opportunity
- service learning experience
3.41. reasonable accommodations
modification or adjustment to a course, program, service, job, activity, assessment, test, or facility that enables a qualified individual with a disability to have equal opportunity to attain the same level of performance or to enjoy the same benefits and privileges that are available to an individual without a disability
Note 1 to entry: As defined in Higher Education Law. 
- program provider organization
- partner (3.32)
- education abroad office
- professional school
Note 1 to entry: The responsible organization may be different for each program or institution.
Note 2 to entry: See also organization (3.28) and institution (3.24).
- program leader
- education abroad director
- risk manager
Note 1 to entry: The responsible party may be different for each task or program.
Note 1 to entry: Restorative justice is “a victim-centered response to crime that provides opportunities for those most directly affected by the crime—the victim, the offender, their families, and members of the community—to be directly involved in addressing the harm caused by the crime. The restorative justice philosophy is based on (1) values that emphasize the support and involvement of victims and restoring emotional and material losses, (2) holding offenders accountable to the people and communities they violated, (3) providing opportunities for conflict resolution and problem-solving, and (4) strengthening public safety through community-building.”
Note 2 to entry: Definition and Note 1 adapted from USLegal.com. 
Note 1 to entry: Student learning and development refers to the changes that result when students are exposed to new experiences, concepts, information, and ideas. The knowledge, understanding, and personal growth are generated, in this context, from interactions with higher education learning environments.
Note 2 to entry: Adapted from the Council for the Advancement of Standards, Glossary of Terms.