(also called a heritage learner) a person who speaks or is studying a language "who has some proficiency in or a cultural connection to that language through family, community, or country of origin;" heritage learners' levels can vary widely in terms of oral proficiency, literacy, and connection to the language and culture, and they often have different needs than students studying the language as a foreign language. (As defined by the Center for Applied Linguistics, http://www.cal.org/heritage/research/faqs.html#2
A student who studies abroad in a location that is linked in some way (for example, linguistically, culturally, historically) to his/her family or cultural background.
A subcategory of postsecondary education that generally leads to a college or university degree.
(or Home School) - The educational institution in the U.S. where an education abroad student is a continuing student, usually working toward the completion of a degree.
Home Institution-Host Institution Agreement
An agreement between two educational institutions (a home institution and a host institution) that may allow a student to use certain types of aid for which she or he is eligible at a home institution, when enrolled for a limited time at a second institution (for example, when the second institution is the sponsor of an education abroad program).
Home School Tuition
Tuition charged by an education abroad student’s home institution, based on on-campus tuition. In some cases, this might be in addition to a program fee; in others, in lieu of the program fee (i.e., the home school keeps the tuition and pays for certain program expenses, such as the program fee, for the student). Payment policies can differ widely among institutions. For example, some schools will pay for room and board whereas others will not.
Private housing hosted by a local family that often includes a private or shared bedroom, meals, and laundry. Homestay experiences usually provide the greatest immersion in the host language and culture, giving students firsthand experience with family life in the host culture and the opportunity to use the host language in an informal setting. In many cases, the host family welcomes the student as a member of the family and provides a support network
A short-term homestay for a student who is otherwise in another type of housing such as a residence hall or an apartment. May be for as little as a weekend. In this context it is considered a strategy for cultural enrichment rather than a type of accommodation.
(or Host School) – The institution that the education abroad student attends while abroad.
An individual of the population that is host to a tourist, education abroad participant, or other visitor from outside the society.
An individual, usually resident in the host country, who arranges on-site accommodation for education abroad students. The individual’s roles are multifaceted and usually include recruiting and training host families, securing apartment and dormitory placements, negotiating housing contracts, overseeing housing assignments, and dealing with residential problems as they arise.
(or Mixed Program) – A program that combines two or more of the program types to a significant degree. For example, a study abroad center might emphasize courses just for study abroad participants but also permit students to enroll in host university courses and to do a credit-bearing internship.